Novel therapeutics for the treatment of familial Mediterranean fever: from colchicine to biologics (2014)


PMID: 23867542

DOI: 10.1038/clpt.2013.148

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), an inherited autosomal recessive disorder, is characterized by sporadic, paroxysmal attacks of fever and serosal inflammation, lasting 1-3 days. Patients may develop renal amyloidosis, arthritis, serositis, and skin and oral lesions. Diagnosis is based on clinical features, response to treatment with colchicine, and genetic analysis. Colchicine prevents attacks and renal amyloidosis, in addition to reversing proteinuria. Nonresponders may receive novel therapy, including interleukin (IL)-1 receptor antagonists and IL-1 decoy receptor. Recently, new options have been considered.

I Grattagliano
L Bonfrate
V Ruggiero
G Scaccianoce
G Palasciano
P Portincasa